Survey and Mapping of Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve
Located at the north of Kuwait Bay, “Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve” is one of the affected sites by the remains of more than 240,000 military fortifications in Kuwait after 20 years since their construction is a high and serious complicated issue.
To support the upcoming remediation actions for the damaged areas at Sabah Al-Ahmad nature reserve, the “Public Authority for Agriculture and Fish Resources” (PAAF) Kuwait announced IIES (International Integrated Environmental Services Ltd) company, a young leader in the GIS field in Kuwait, to complete efficient field data collection and build an enterprise GIS database for “Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve” in project “Survey and Mapping of Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve.” IIES proposed to utilize survey methodologies, satellite images and GIS-based software packages to accomplish the project objectives.
Support “Remediation of Areas Damaged by Military Fortification”:
The main goal of the project was to utilize the recent high resolution satellite images and field survey to inventory and produce recent maps and an enterprise Geo-database for military fortifications, concrete blocks and other components, to support the upcoming remediation actions for the damaged areas at Sabah Al-Ahmad nature reserve on regional, tactical and operational levels.
Data Collection: Collecting the needed spatial information from the field survey, high resolution satellite images, and existing maps and data sets.
Geo-Database: Creation of a comprehensive and multi-objectives Geo-database to document all the collected and needed data sets inside one accessible database.
Field Survey Training: Human resources development for selected staff in the field of GIS and remote sensing by professionals in office training and on-job training.
In order to capture and manage field operations, data about the field operations needed to be collected in a central database. IIES accomplished this by creating one enterprise, multi-purpose Geo-Database on Oracle spatial using SuperGIS Desktop to store all current and historical attributes for field operations such as: vegetation cover, military fortifications, drainage system, Surface sediments, etc.
The survey of “Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve” was a comprehensive GIS survey of IIES. In this project, all the needed details about “Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve” was captured through SuperPad in the field then organized in the enterprise Geo-Database by GIS editors by using SuperGIS Desktop. GIS layers are composed of different data sources from field survey, existing data and satellite images. More than 25 GIS layers reside in the enterprise Geodatabase (Oracle Spatial DB). Each GIS layer contains a set of features classified by geometry. According to these features, layers can be classified into point layer, line layer and polygon layer. And the survey report produced by IIES contains all the necessary metadata about the GIS layers. In addition, IIES has also produced ready to print mapping templates for almost all of the layers of “Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve.” As a final step, the satellite image and the GIS layers were published on the website of the PAAF (Public Authority for Agriculture and Fish Resources) using SuperGIS Server.
Meanwhile, recommendations offered by IIES for gaining maximum benefits of the survey data are adopted:
Advanced GIS Analysis: Produce analysis reports using a custom GIS querying and reporting tool.
With advanced GIS analyses, users can comprehend which plants that will grow after the remediation goes in location, type of vegetation covering that destroyed area, the living animals beside that concrete blacks location and the plants that grow besides the given water source.
Digital Elevation Model
Detecting changes in vegetation cover, basins, DEM, etc.
By comparing new and archived satellite images of the reserve, users can detect phenomenon such as vegetation cover loss and re-growth, categorical or quantitative changes, and reversible or irreversible changes.
The Biodiversity Geo-Atlas can be electronic atlas. Plants, animals, species and vegetation are all captured, and their images are linked to real locations in the reserve.
With the Biodiversity Geo-Atlas, PAAF staff can capture images by smart devices and categorize the captured images into classes such as Plants, Animals, Vegetations and so forth. In addition, images can be uploaded to a GIS Server from the field or can be synchronized later in office. In this way, maps are auto-updated with the recent uploaded images, and users outside PAAD can browse the electronic atlas on their smart devices.
Concrete blocks are considered the most limiting factor.
Concret Blocks Density
With SuperGIS software, IIES complete data collection and integration successfully through field survey and mapping. And the produced enterprise Geo-Database is the next step for the upcoming remediation actions of the reserve, a future plan will be produced for the removal of the concrete blocks and the military fortifications.
After the removal process, GIS analysis procedures will be used to make a clear view of the damaged areas biodiversity, PAAF (Public Authority for Agriculture and Fish Resources) is planning to recover these areas as a next step in the future.